Chillicothe Ohio Culture
From 1000 BC to 1700 Central Ohio was home to what we now call the moundbuilders. The hills of the ancient city of Chillicothe, Ohio, and their people have always been the front and center of Chillicothe, Ohio.
Since the late 17th century, settlers from the eastern states who migrated to the Ohio Valley have found hundreds of hills and mounds of earth. The mound builders inhabited central and southern Ohio, and many of those artifacts have since been removed from the state. Ohio had no historical society when the first excavations were conducted.
The Ohio Historical Society conducted archaeological excavations in the 1920s and 1922, and in 1923 the US Interior Department declared the Mound City Group a national monument. In 1992, it became Hopewell Culture National Historic Park, which includes the Chillicothe Mounds National Monument, the first historic national park in Ohio. The park consists of more than 1,000 hectares of hills and other archaeological sites, including the town of Chillicothe and its historic village of Chilcothe, as well as other sites.
The Ohio Historical Society also maintains a number of other archaeological sites in the Mound City Group, including the Santee Indian Mounds National Wildlife Refuge and Chillicothe Mocks National Monument. The Santees are the oldest known prehistoric Indian hills in Ohio, located in a remote area of the Ohio River Valley, in the Santa Fe National Forest in southern Ohio. Specifically, there is evidence of a settlement of this area in the first half of the so-called forest period, which took place about 1,000 to 2,500 years ago.
The hills on the Williamson site belonged to the Adena tribe, and the vast site was the ancient capital of the Hopewell people. A historic landmark is the Santee Indian Mounds National Wildlife Refuge and Chillicothe Mocks National Monument, which are located here, as well as the A.M. Williamson Mound City, the largest of its kind in the United States. It is the oldest archaeological site in Ohio and one of only a handful of such sites in America.
It shows the remains of an indigenous people who lived in the area between 200 BC and 500 AD. The Hopewell culture flourished in this area, along with other tribes such as the Santee and the Adenas, and there are remnants of what is now called the "Adena culture" in Indiana, as well as a number of other cultures.
The Adenas lived in an area that included parts of Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Wisconsin and New York, but not all of Indiana. They were not part of Hopewell culture, but rather a networked community that lived mainly in Ohio and Indiana, not Indiana itself.
Archaeologists believe Hopewell eventually became the Miami Shawnee after European contact, but there is no evidence of it in Indiana before 500 AD. The visible remains of HopEWell culture are concentrated in Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Wisconsin and New York, not Indiana itself. A large number of buildings, such as the Indiana State Capitol and the Ohio State University building, were built in the mid-19th century, around the same time they were living in Hoosier State.
RV rental can park at the campground at Scioto Trail State Park, located on the south side of Lake Hill Road in Chillicothe, Ohio. The campsites are located in Sciotas Trail State Park and Lake Hillbe is the only one that has rangers answering questions about the culture and earthworks. RVs drive to their RV rentals in Chillicothe, Ohio, just a few miles from the Ohio State University campus, making it a great place for them to travel.
The tour starts with a beautiful information board located on the south side of Lake Hillbe at the entrance to Sciotas Trail State Park. This is a hill used by Plains Forest Indians, which strongly indicates that the Indians inhabited the area before the Cherokees, Chickasaws and Creeks. The Temple Hill and Hill B are more circular than the oval Indian hills, but both have the same type of earthworks and burial sites, similar to those of the Great Plains Indians. Twelve graves, hill by hill, are buried among the historic settlers and are shown in a series of pictures on a large wooden panel in the park's visitor center.
These mounds of earth and mounds of earth, built by the same civilization, would have been built by a different civilization from the Great Plains Indians in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The Ohio and Mississippi rivers were overflowing with canoe traffic as people traveled to Ohio from the eastern United States. From their epicenter, whether their destination was Hopewell or the heartland of Chillicothe, travelers from near and far traversed the area where the Scioto River flows into the Ohio River.
Chillicothe is located in southern Ohio on the Scioto River and was the first or third capital of Ohio. Although the name refers to the capital or wherever the Chalakatha settled, the present-day Chillicothe is one of seven places that bear this name. It is said that the Hopewell people originated in the Great Plains before moving to Ohio, where they established the local Adena morgue tradition. A central burial mound has been uncovered showing a commercial connection between the Hopewells and Ohio civilization and the presence of burial mounds at the southern end of the Ohio River.